Lebedev was born on Aug. 14, 1943 in Moscow.
In 1968, he graduated from the Moscow State University’s Law Department with a major in jurisprudence.
Since 1970, Lebedev served as a judge in the People’s Court in the Leningradsky District in Moscow.
Since 1977, he served as a judge in the People’s Court in the Zheleznodorozhny District in Moscow.
Since 1984, Lebedev served as a deputy chairman of the Moscow City Court.
Since 1986, he worked as the chairman of the Moscow City Court.
Since July 1989, he holds the position of the chairman of the Supreme Court.
Lebedev holds honorary doctorate degrees from the Pontifical and Royal University of Santo Tomas, Catholic University of the Philippines (2006) and St. Kliment Ohridski Sofia University (2007).
In 1998, he received the Femida - Russia’s highest legal award.
Lebedev is the author of over 50 articles, commentaries and publications on judicial reform, judiciary development, and ways to improve the judicial system, increase access to justice and enhance the efficiency and quality of court activities.
He is the author of the book, “Formation and Development of the Judiciary in Russia,” and a coauthor of the Commentaries to Russian Criminal Code.
He is also a coauthor of the six-volume book, “Judiciary in Russia: History and Documents,” which was recognized as the best Russian book on the history of the judiciary in the judiciary and law category.
In 1988, Lebedev was awarded the For Merits to the Fatherland state order of the third degree. In 2003, he was awarded the For Merits to the Fatherland state order of the second degree.
Lebedev is a doctor of law and professor. He is also a Distinguished Lawyer of Russia.